FOX AND CUBS : pilosella aurantiaca
Also known as orange hawkweed, orange hawkbit, devil's paintbrush and grim-the-collier.
This is native to alpine regions of central and southern Europe, but has made itself at home here too. The example found here is in the Lomond Industrial area indicative of being an escapee from a garden.
It is a low-growing plant with shallow fibrous roots and a basal rosette of elliptical to lanceolate leaves. All parts of the plant exude a milky juice. The flowering stem is usually leafless or with just one or two small leaves. The stem and leaves are covered with short stiff hairs (trichomes), usually blackish in color.
The flowers emerge as 2 to 25 capitula (flowerheads), bundled together at the end of short pedicels. They are orange, almost red, which is virtually invisible to bees, yet they also reflect ultraviolet light, increasing their conspicuousness to pollinators. After flowering, it produces seedpods with a pappus of white or pale brown hairs.
By mid-June we begin to see puffs of seed heads, much like dandelions.
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