Fortrose/Rosemarkie Timeline

Dates and events specific to the Parish of Rosemarkie and the Burgh of Fortrose are in black, events outside the area which have had an impact on the parish are highlighted in red.


1124  First documentary evidence of Rosemarkie, Seat of the Bishop of Ross, in the Sheriffdom of Inverness

C1214-1286  An ecclesiastical burgh erected in Rosemarkie

c1250 The See transferred to Fortrose, Cathedral of St Peter and St Boniface begun

c1300 Ferry from Chanonry to Ardersier

1455  Earliest documentary evidence of Fortrose.                                                                                 Fortrose annexed to Rosemarkie and erected a royal burgh

1485 Fortrose Cathedral completed

1503 Creation of the Sheriffdom of Ross-shire

1550-1650 The Government of Scotland permits the levying of troops to fight                                     in continental Europe

1572 Dilapidation of the Cathedral begins following the Reformation (1560)

1574 First documentary evidence of Fortrose Grammar School

1579 Scottish Parliamentary Statute making provision for the Poor Rate.                                                  The Relief of the Poor to be administered by the kirk session and heritors

1590 Chanonrie (Fortrose) erected a royal burgh

1592 Fortrose and Rosemarkie re-united as the Royal Burgh of Fortrose

1603 The Crowns of Scotland and England united

1652 Fortrose Cathedral partly demolished by Cromwell’s troops

1661 The rights of the united burghs of Rosemarkie and Fortrose transferred to Fortrose

1661 New burgh of Fortrose enrolled in the Convention of Royal Burghs

1667 Commissioners of Supply established in Sheriffdom of Ross

1670 Union of the Parishes of Rosemarkie and Chanonrie

1686 Act of Parliament stipulating the use of Scottish Linen Shrouds in Scotland

1687 Commissioners of Supply take responsibility for repairs of highways and bridges

1707 The Union of Scotland and England to form the United Kingdom

1707 Inverness, Nairn, Forres and Fortrose formed into Inverness Burghs Constituency.                           The constituency to return one member of parliament

1707 The appointment of a ‘tidesman’ (customs officer) to ‘Fortrose and Cromarty’

1715 Post Office opened in Fortrose

1715 First Jacobite Rising

1727 Creation of the Board of Trustees for Fisheries, Manufactures and Improvements in Scotland

1745 Second Jacobite Rising

1746 Battle of Culloden

1746 Establishment of the British Linen Company

1748 Documentary evidence of a linen cloth inspection Stamp House in Fortrose 

1748 The construction of Fort George, boosting the economy of Fortrose

1750 New Post Office opened at Ferry carrying mail north from Ardersier

1755 Watson’s Census of Scotland

1772 Documentary evidence of a flax lint mill in Fortrose

After 1776 Fishing and trading harbour built at Ferry (?)

1791 Foundation of Fortrose Academy

1793 Fortrose Golf Society founded

1793 The 78th (Highlanders) Regiment raised at Fort George

1794 Old Statistical Account                                                                                                            Fortrose noted for the production of coarse linen cloth, 35 weavers and their apprentices in Rosemarkie

1794 Ross-shire Farming Society founded in Fortrose

1813-17 Construction of Telford Harbour at Fortrose

1819/1821 Rosemarkie Parish Church rebuilt 

1823 State regulation of the linen industry abolished

1825 Invention of the wet flax spinning process 

1827 Erection of St Andrew’s Episcopal Church

1830 Rosemarkie market cross knocked over and never replaced

1831 Establishment of the Fortrose and Rosemarkie Friendly Society

1832 Reform Act (Scotland), extends the parliamentary franchise in Scottish Burghs to all householders paying a yearly rental of £10

1832 Scottish Reform Act; Report on and Map of the Burgh of Fortrose

1832 Commissioners of Supply raise ‘rogue money’ for the ‘keeping of the peace’

1833 Burgh Police (Scotland) Act 1833, enabled existing royal burghs, burghs of regality, and burghs of barony to adopt powers of paving, lighting, cleansing, watching, supplying with water and improving their communities.

1833 Abolition of Slavery in Britain 

1834 Veto Act (Scotland) gave parishioners the right to reject a minister nominated by their patron. 

1835 Report by the Commissioners on Municipal Corporations on the actions of the Fortrose Burgh Council

1836 Launch of The Black Isle Farmers Society and the first Black Isle Show at Fortrose

1837 Accession of Queen Victoria

1841 Quoad Sacra Parish Church of Scotland built. The new quoad sacra parish of Fortrose had ecclesiastical but no local government functions. The church is now Fortrose Town Hall

1843 The Great Disruption and establishment of the Free Church of Scotland

1845 The Poor Law (Scotland) Act. Parochial Boards to administer Indoor and Outdoor Poor Relief

1845 The New Statistical Account reported on ‘considerable improvement in agriculture’ and ‘a want of regular employment in the absence of manufactories of any sort’           

1846 Failure of the Scottish potato crop due to blight

1846 Lighthouse illuminated at Chanonry Point

1846/7 Meal riots in Rosemarkie, civil unrest in Fortrose

1850 The removal of the Brick Tax

C1850 Fortrose loses its Quoad Sacra status

1857 The Police (Scotland) Act, Commissioners of Supply to establish a County Police Force

1861 Opening of Combination Poor-house

1867 Creation of the Fortrose Police Burgh

1868 Reform Act (Scotland), Franchise extended to householders not in receipt of Poor Relief

1868 Fortrose Gaslight Company formed

1871 Ordnance Survey mapping of Black Isle

1872 Education Act (Scotland) Mandatory education for all children aged 5-13. Women, owning or occupying lands or house worth £4 annual value, given the right to vote in and stand for election to School Boards

1873 Rosemarkie School Board sets up a Public School in Rosemarkie

1873 Fortrose Gaslight Company declared bankrupt

1873 Fortrose regains its Quoad Sacra status

1876 Rosemarkie Coal and Clothing Club established

1881 Telford Harbour repaired

1881 Childers Army Reforms, creation of volunteer battalions in new ‘county’ infantry regiments. 72nd Regiment of Foot amalgamated with the 78th Regiment of Foot to form the Seaforth Highlanders

1881 Volunteers Drill Hall erected (MacKerchar Hall)

1882 Black Isle Steam Ship Company

1884 Reform Act (Scotland), Burgh franchise extended to householders

1888 Founding of The Fortrose and Rosemarkie Golf Club 

1889 Amalgamation of the Counties of Ross and Cromarty. Women ratepayers given the right to vote in County Council Elections

1891 Fortrose Academy moved to present site

1893 New Jetty at Telford Harbour

1894 Highland Railway Fortrose Branch line opened

1894 Abolition of Parochial Boards and election of Parish Councils. Women qualified and registered in County Council and Burgh Electoral Registers are given the right to vote and stand in Parish Council Elections

1898 New Free Church in Fortrose

1898 Black Isle Steam Ship Company liquidated

1900 Union of the Free Church and the United Presbyterian Church

1901 Death of Queen Victoria

1914-1918 First World War

1918 The Fortrose component of the Inverness Burghs Constituency merged into the Ross and Cromarty County Constituency

1930 Fortrose classed as a small burgh

1975 Fortrose Town Council abolished


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