Miscellany and Snippets
A collection of bits and pieces of local interest that may also be of use to researchers on a particular subject. Not collated in any order, just for dipping into.
IT'S REALLY WORTH DOING THE FIELD WORK
JANET L WATKINS
These days most family history research work seems to be done online......but how much 'primitive satisfaction' can be found by actually getting out there with map in hand?
Several years ago I was researching my paternal great grandmother in the Cilcennin area near Aberaeron and followed a lead that her second husband was Jenkin Evans a weaver of 'Pendibyn', Cilcennin.
After a search along the country lanes, we eventually found a gate displaying the house name 'Pendibyn' - Geronimo! We were dismayed to see a rather large modern bungalow on the site but were warmly greeted by the owner, especially after giving him a brief explanation of why we were peering over his gate.
He invited us in and was obviously aware of my old folks from local folk lore. He gave us a tour of the immaculate grounds around his bungalow and eventually (with a grin and a twinkle in his eye) pointed out an ivy-covered ruin on his road-side boundary.........the original cottage and workshop of Jenkin and Hannah Evans, Pendibyn.
Nothing can express my feelings at that moment.
Jenkin & Hannah Evans
Martyn J Griffiths
I have written previously about the grave of Thomas Bullin, which is to the right of the vicar’s walk from the church at Cadoxton to the road. He was a farmer of tolls, in other words, he leased all the toll gates that he could throughout South Wales and southern England. Members of his family were frequently placed in charge of the various groups of gates and also served as toll-keepers. Another grave in the churchyard at Cadoxton is the resting place of Thomas’ brother, Charles. This grave is on the south side of the church.
Thomas Bullin leased the Aberystwyth gates from 1836, so his brother Charles was possibly there from that date. He was at the Aberystwyth South gate in 1841 (he also collected fees at the local harbour); in 1851 at Llanarthney and at Swansea Upper (in the Strand) in 1861. The Rebecca Riots lasted from 1839 to about 1843 but whilst his brothers were at the centre of the dispute, Charles Bullin was barely affected at Aberystwyth. Although the government accepted many of the grievances, the collection of road taxes through tolls was not abandoned but continued in a revised form until the late nineteenth century.
If you have been to the Folk Museum at St. Fagans then I am sure you will have seen the tollgate. This was originally sited in Aberystwyth South, so there is a direct link with Charles Bullin who is buried in Cadoxton churchyard.
Charles was married at St. John’s Church, Swansea in March 1865. At the time of his burial on 20th April 1870 he was styled 'of Swansea' and his age was given in the register as 51, the newspaper obituary shows him as 56, but was more likely 54. Age is just a number!
It is fair to surmise that every visitor to Neath would extol the beauty of the ancient Abbey, however some of the writers if these travel guides were not quite so complimentary in their remarks about the rest of the neighbourhood nor its inhabitants;
Not only a town of grime but one of crime too!
The pages below from an early twentieth century schoolbook were written with a fine steel nib using liquid ink from an inkwell (remember those!). They are 'joined up' handwriting exercises that many today could do with to improve their illegible scrawl. It is also a picture of the morals and attitudes of a bygone age.
As the old saying goes: 'Where there's muck - there's brass', but if you were in Carmarthen in 1864 then you had better shift it quick before you lose it all together. It seems they were up to their eyes in it!
Such a Sad Case
Baby Farming is the historical practice of accepting custody of an infant or child in exchange for payment in late-Victorian Era Britain and, less commonly, in Australia and the United States. If the infant was young, this usually included wet-nursing (breast-feeding by a woman not the mother). In many cases a child was placed with such women following an inwanted pregnancy due to effective and available birth control.
The Queens Hotel (latterly The Canterbury Arms) is located at the corner of Orchard Place and Queen Street in Neath.
A 'rare' example of a male manicuring ritual?
Neath Herald - Spring 1980
Micky Budd must have dearly loved his nailfile (maybe as much as the young lady from Hong Kong). No report has been found thats tells of him having been reunited with it. HMS seraph was scrapped on 20th December 1965 at Ward's in Briton Ferry and not Swansea as implied. It would have been like the old saying 'looking for a needle in a haystack'.
From the NAS Archive Collection
These days soccer teams are generally transported by the team coach with even the smallest amateur club hiring a conveyance from a local coach operator. Not in 1923, this club took to the train. The itinerary naturally accommodated those of a religious persuation (probably the majority at that time).
Looking through various pieces of ephemera sometimes unearths items long forgotten that remind us of how attitudes and allegiances change with the passing of time. Here is one such item from the time when media communications were not as they are today. Little did people then know about the murdering regime of terror the Russian people were suffering under the despot they were happy to call 'Uncle Joe'.
A COLLIER'S CLAIM
from the NAS archive
When Briton Ferry Shopped Locally
There was a time when most people in Briton Ferry bought all their goods locally and had local tradesmen to carry out all their repairs. Here's a selection of the businesses in operation in Briton Ferry between 50 and 60 years ago. The choice of grocers was very wide, for example, Bradley's, Dan T Davies, E G McCutcheon, Pegler's, Hill's, the Misses Jones, Shute's and the Co-op. The following are the prices you would have paid for your goods: granulated sugar 2½d (1p) per lb; tea 9d (3½p) per quarter (Mr Bradley sold his own blend at (3p) called 'Wal-Har-Bra'); cask butter 10d (4p) per lb; cheese 10d (4p) per lb; dried fruit 10d (4p) per lb; tinned fruit, medium 10d (4p); Ideal milk, small 3½d (1½p); biscuits 6d (2½p) to 1/- (5p); block salt 2½d (1p); flour 2½d (1p) per lb; Persil, small 31/2d (1½p); Hudson's dish washing powder 1½d (½p).
For supplies of meat there were the following butchers to choose from: W L Davies, Len Poley, Ernie John, D H Lewis, Dickie Rosser, Marshall's and the Co-op. A piece of beef cost 2/3d (11½p); steak 1/1d (6p); suet 5d (2p); giblets 1/-(5p); pork chops 9d (3½p); 121b turkey £1/11/4d (£1.56½p); a piece of lamb 3/5d (17p); bacon 10d (4p) per lb and ham 1/3d (6½p)per lb.
Bakeries included Taylor's, Stockham's and Hawkins'. White bread cost 4½d (2p) large and 2½d (1p) small and a small brown 3½d (1½p). Mr Hawkins was noted for his delicious 'Darren' bread.
Among the tobacconists and confectioners were 'Thomas the Hall', Orville John, Cavalli's, Mrs Edwards, Mr Perrett, Dillwyn's and Mr "Isaac the Blind". A box of matches cost 1d (½p); Player's and Gold Flake cigarettes were 6d (2½p)for 10, Woodbines were 2½d (1p) for 5 and 4d (1½p) for 10.
Newspapers could be purchased from Mr Lewis, Mr Nicholls, Pugsley's or Miss Aubrey, who also sold toys. Another shopkeeper who sold toys was 'Birdie' Lewis. There were many shops which sold clothing, for example, D H Lewis, Morris, 'Top Shop', Wilf Lewis 'The Star', Howell Williams, Mr Howells, M J Thomas, 'Elsie's', Ivor Thomas and W Perrett who was known as 'Billy eleven-three' because so many items in his shop cost eleven pence three-farthings. Like Mr Olive the draper, Mr Perrett would give his customers a free packet of pins instead of a farthing change. A scarf would have cost 5/11d (29½p); 2 pairs of stockings 2/11½d (19½p); a shirt 6/11d (34½p); gloves 5/11d (29½p); a collar 10½d (4p); a coat 28/11d (£1.44½p); a belt 1/-(5p) and a bow-tie 1/6d (7½p). A jersey would set you back 7/9d (38½p) whilst a model hat cost 4/11d (29½p); a nightdress 2/6d (12½p); a frock £1/6/11d (£1.34½p) a petticoat 3/11d (19½p); a pair of knickers 2/- (10p) a vest 2/- (10p) and a gent's coat six guineas. A corset from M J Thomas, Miss Shute or Mrs Ruby Davies cost £2/0/0. For those who didn't like buying 'off the peg', Miss L Davies would make a dress for 4/- (20p) and charge 6d (2p) for silks and buttons. Miss Gladys Williams would make a coat for 6/- (30p) and charge 2d (1p) for the Sylco (thread).
A pair of Women's shoes from Oliver's, Cash's, the Co-op or G W Arnold cost up to 22/9d (£1.13½p) and children's shoes around 12/11d (64½p). Polish to clean them was 2d (1p) or 5d (2p) a tin. When your shoes needed repair, you could take them to Mr Melbourne or Mr Lllewellyn.
Probably many of your household goods would have been bought from J T Edwards. A rug would have cost you 16/1 Id (84p); a pair of curtains 24/6d (£1.22½p) a bedspread 6/6d (32½p); a bakestone 2/11d (14½p) and a bin 5/6d (21½p). Anyone who wanted to build up a collection of 'family silver' could go to Harry Howells, Watchmaker and Jeweller who would sell them a four-piece EPNS tea-set for £3/5/0d (£3.25p).
Electrical goods were supplied by D Richards or J Evans, both of Osterley Street, and you would have been charged 11/- (55p) for an electric fire. Sid Pearson would have sold you a radio so you could keep up with the latest craze. Your pharmaceutical needs would have been met by Miss Trick, Mr Wynn Jones, Miss Eiryl Jeffreys, or the Co-op Chemist.
With regard to repairs to your property, Sid Poles would have put new sashcords and weights in your windows and hung them, and let you have some spare wood for 17/- (85p). If your garden gate needed replacing, Vernon John would have made you a new one and hung it for £1/7/2d (£1.37p). Johns and Hampton would have carried out repairs to your roof, troughing etc. for £1/8/1d (£1.40 ½p) or even built you a new house if you wanted it, as would Lawford Gower and Sons. If the exterior of your house needed painting, T LI. Tucker would have completed the job for £4/5/0d (£4.25p). Your plumbing needs would be met by Tom Davies. If there was death in the family the undertaking might have been done by Saph's (who were also ironmongers and ships chandlers), Sid Poles or Lawford Gower and Son. A tasteful wreath would have been supplied by S W Gilbert. Nurseryman, who also sold plants and delivered fresh vegetables by horse and cart. A wreath would have cost you 10/6d (52½p).
note: the author is unknown at present
WHERE WAS THAT HOUSE?
Useful Reference Maps
Researchers frequently enquire about the location of some of the mansions and villas around the district. Two sketches appeared in past NAS Transactions. These have been redrawn and appear below. Whilst they are of a schematic nature and not to scale; they may prove useful in general terms. you will notice that one property remains unlisted. If you know which it is please contact us. Similarly, if anyone would like to undertake the same exercise for other local areas, we would be pleased to receive them for posting here.
Don't mess with the women of Neath!
It is very rare in history to get the views of the working man. It is even rarer to get the opinions of the working woman, so the gem unearthed below may well be unique in the annals of Neath.
To set the scene - the year is 1803. Britain has been at war with the French for 10 years. A tenuous peace (The Peace of Amiens) between the two nations ended on 18th May when the French refused to withdraw from Dutch territory. Napoleon is in the ascendancy and the threat of invasion is very real indeed.
In his book 'British Society and the French Wars 1793-1815' (1979), Clive Emsley writes that the Prime Minister, Henry Addington (1801-1804) had received a letter from the women of Neath requesting that they be allowed;
'to defend ourselves as well as the weaker women and children among us. There are in this town about 200 women who have been used to hard labour all the days of their lives, such as working in coal-pits, on the high roads, tilling the ground etc.. If you would grant us arms, that is light pikes… we do assure you that we could in a short time learn our exercise… I assure you we are not trifling with you, but serious in our proposal.'
Only those 'gravely interested' need apply!
Getting 'the needle' in 1890
Was it a good night out in Skewen?
The Great Fair
Although the town of Neath now regularly 'hosts' speciality events it remains best identified with the Great September Fair. Originally (as with many fairs) this was a 'hiring and horse' fair, but evolved to become a street market and pleasure fair. Even as late as 1936 the horse fair still (just) existed as this cutting from the SWEP of 11th September shows us.
Herald of Wales - 27th March 1897
Like many villages in the district they were once well populated with small shops that catered for the needs of locals without them having to traipse to town. Many shops also allowed goods to be had 'on account' meaning that many families avoided starvation in the middle of the pay week. As mobility increased and shopping habits changed from just the bare essentials these small scale purveyors disappeared. This unedited list, relating, to Tonna is a prime example of how things have changed.
Today there are only two shops left in the Village. In 1935 this is the list of business in Tonna starting at Lock Hill, at the entrance to Tonna where Mr Daniels was the Lock keeper.
1) Mr Lewis the Coal merchant.
2) Mr Mathews. Grocery Shop later to become Gwyn Parry.
3) Mr Johns Radio & Battery charging also the sale of Vindec Bikes
4) Morlais Terrace Mrs Lilly Phillips Sweets and General (Parlour Shop)
5) Mr Mathews Sweets and General (Parlour Shop)
6) Llewellyn Howells a branch of London House Aberdulais Selling Groceries and Hardware, later taken over by J O Hughes
7) Mr J O Hughes General & Groceries this was the site of the Wheat sheaf Public House, the Licence transferred to the Royal Oak
8) Opposite Mr J Hopkins had a Fish and Chip Shop later taken over by Mr Mathews
9) Gerts Mrs Evans Clothes Shop and hardware
10) Mr Jenkin Butcher
11) In the woods opposite a shed used for watch repairing
12) Mr Poley had a sweet shop opposite the School
13) Up Wenallt Rd The Thomas's had a coal business and collected the rubbish (Thomas the coal)
14) Gwyn Parry had a grocers Shop in Wenallt Rd on the way up to the Wenallt Farm which was owned by Mr and Mrs Evans
15) Back to the main Road, the Post Office was next to the School and was kept by the Morgan Sisters.
16) Mrs Bowen kept a Grocery Shop and also the Billiard Hall
17) We are now up to the Whittington Arms.
18) On the corner of Whittington Street Mr and Mrs John kept a Fish and Chip Shop
19) Opposite, Mr Danny Rees had a General Store and was very handy on the repairing of grandfather Clocks
20) Opposite Mr Rees, Mr and Mrs Davies kept a Shoe shop
21) On to the Barley Mow which was pulled down, on this site is the Post office
22) Harry Davies had a Grocery shop
23) Opposite, Mrs Blod Bevan kept a Grocery shop
24) On the corner of New Street Mrs Bell had a Shoe repairing shop shop
25) Also on the this corner Mr David Evans had a yard which contained all that necessary for the building Trade and also an undertaker
26) In New Street we had our own Dentist Mrs Macdumat ably assisted by her husband
27) Further down the road Mr Peter Davies ran Tonna Farm
28) Then up the hill to Mrs Brown shop her father in law being the headmaster of Tonna School
29) We also had our own Bakery in Whittington street Mr D Francis
Unfortunately, we have no idea who the author was.
Nothing at all to do with Neath but an humourous newspaper cutting found marking a page in one of the archive documents. The date and source remain unknown at present.
One of the lesser known local victims of the Titanic sinking.
A Train Incident
MR EVAN ROBERTS AND THE SMOKER
Mr Evan Roberts, the revivalist, was in South Wales on Saturday, and was a traveller in the train which left Neath for Cardiff about noon.
Mr Wm. Griffiths, of 8, The Parade, Neath, who knows the revivalist very well, was a passenger in the same compartment and relates the following incident:-
Just as the train was leaving Neath Station a party of young men rushed in, crowding our coach, which was a corridor. Many of them invaded our carriage, a non-smoker, and among the number was a young fellow who had a pipe in his mouth. As he persisted in smoking, an elderly man requested him to desist, and in return was subjected to filthy abuse.
In the corner sat a gentleman busily reading. He remonstrated with the smoker, and proceeding, read him a severe lecture on the evils of drinking and fast living.
By this time passengers from other compartments began to crowd around the door of our coach, and some of them, amused at the stranger's earnestness, began to laugh.
Then it was that the stranger indignantly turned upon them with the remark, "You may laugh and scoff as much as you like, but I am determined to stand for what is right, come what may."
The smoker, the cause of all the trouble, sneeringly remarked, "Get away man - you and your preaching! Only the other day that fellow Evan Roberts was preaching and kicking up a fuss all over the country; but what has come of him now, eh?"
A lady who had hitherto sat silent turned to the smoker with the admonition: "Take care what you say! Think of all the good that Evan Roberts did to many thousands of the likes of you."
As she spoke the stranger rose to his full height and, looking the smoker straight in the face, said: "I would like to know what you have to say about Evan Roberts: here is he standing before you."
The shame faced smoker made no attempt to reply.
Surely the incident should serve to bring home to railway companies the annoyance and indignity to which non-smoking passengers are now too often subjected.