David Alston's Slaves & Highlanders
Sharing my research on Highland Scots and the slave plantations of Guyana
Andrew Watson (1856–1921), born in Demerara, is now recognised as the first black person to play association football at international level, representing Scotland three times between 1881 and 1882. He also attended Glasgow University and later qualified as a marine engineer.
However, his older sister Annetta (1849–89) was less fortunate and her life story highlights the vulnerability of a young, black woman in Scotland in the nineteenth century.
Read an account of her life here
Simple but subversive
Cait Gillespie's master's thesis The end of amnesia? Scotland's response to the 2007 bicentenary of the abolition of the slave trade and the quest for social justice can be read online at Leiden University Repository. Cait considers Scotland's response to the 2007 bicentenary of the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade, in the context of memory and museum studies, and includes a detailed study of Cromarty Courthouse Museum's 'Slaves & Highlanders' exhibition of 2007/08.
From Cait's conclusions: 'The impact and originality of Alston's seemingly simple but subversive exhibition, [Stephen] Mullen's commitment to furthering public knowledge of Glasgow's slavery-funded cityscape through walks and talks, and the success of the website created by [Katherine] Prior for Aberdeen City Council . . . reveal high quality pieces of work that engage with public audiences in diverse and important ways . . . The onus now lies on Scotland's major national institutions to follow suit and bring forth new creative responses.'
Ullapool Book Festival 2017: The Highlands and Slavery
'Essential listening for those in the Highlands . . . and Scotland in general.'
David Robinson reviewing the Ullapool Book Festival (Scotsman, 9 May 2017):
I’ll end, though, with an event featuring a historian – and a history – who and which are far less well known. Before going in to David Alston’s talk about the involvement of Scots in the slave trade, I had thought that it was all so long ago that the question of reparations no longer arises. Quietly, dispassionately, and concentrating on Highlanders’ involvement in the slave plantations in Guyana, Alston picked apart that certainty. Tracing the reparations paid to compensate slave owners in 1834 – proportionately a bigger sum even than the 2008 banks’ bail out – he showed how Scots at all levels benefited from slavery, but how we still collectively ignore this, perhaps even more so than in England, “because it doesn’t fit with the narrative of our own victimhood”.
Recently added resources on this site
Reports of the Titles to Land Commissioners
A small group of commissioners were appointed in British Guiana in the late nineteenth century to settle disputed claims to land and to clarify titles. Although not a comprehensive survey of land ownership, their reports are a vaulable insight into the complex history of land ownership, especially after emancipation. The report on Berbice (1893) is particularly detailed and runs to 900 pages. Those on Demerara and Essequibo are less so.
A complete set of the reports (possibly the only surviving complete set) was part of the library of the Colonial Office and is now held in the Foyles Special Collections at King's College, London. My thanks to the staff for helping me access these reports.
Finding you way around the site? - this may help:
Index of 618 people with connections to the Highlands and plantations in Guyana.
Or try using the FIND box at the top of the right-hand column on this page which will search within this site.