The Lancastrians rose in Lincolnshire under Sir Robert Welles, but were quickly suppressed in March. The earl of Warwick and the duke of Clarence were denounced as traitors by the King on 31 March, and fled to Calais. They were refused admission and retired to France, where they were received by Louis XI. Warwick was reconciled to Queen Margaret and agreed to assist in the restoration of King Henry. Warwick’s daughter Anne was married to the young prince Edward, son of Henry VI and Margaret, in August.

Warwick and Clarence landed at Dartmouth on 13 September. Edward gathered an army against them, but was deserted by Lord Montague and fled to King’s Lynn with his brother Gloucester, there embarking for Flanders on 3 October. Warwick entered London on 5 October and released King Henry from the Tower.



A parliament was held at Westminster which repealed the attainder of the Lancastrians, attainted the Yorkists and settled the crown again on King Henry and his son Edward.

Edward IV and Gloucester sailed from Zealand with a small force supplied by the duke of Burgundy on 11 March, and landed at Ravenspur at the mouth of the Humber on 14 March.  Clarence joined him at Coventry on 30 March, and they advanced on London. Henry was again sent to the Tower, on 11 April. Warwick advanced on Edward from Coventry, but was defeated and killed at Barnet on Easter Sunday, 14 April.

Queen Margaret landed at Weymouth on 14 April, where she was joined by the duke of Somerset, Edmund Beaufort, and others who had escaped from Barnet, and set out to join the Tudors in Wales.  Edward marched against them and defeated them at Tewkesbury on 4 May. He took Margaret prisoner and put to death the duke of Somerset and many others. Prince Edward was killed in the battle. King Henry was found dead in the Tower shortly afterwards.



Edward IV tried to persuade the duke of Brittany to surrender to him Henry and Jasper Tudor (the earls of Richmond and Pembroke).



George, Duke of Clarence, tried for treason before Parliament and found guilty on 7 February.  He was found dead in the Tower on 18 February.



Death of Edward IV and the reign of Richard III began.

In October Richard learned of the rebellion led by the duke of Buckingham. By 1 November King Richard was in Salisbury and the uprising had collapsed and the following day the duke was executed. On 12 November Henry Tudor attempted a landing at Plymouth (or possibly at Poole in October) but was driven off.



Parliament held 23 January to 20 February. Henry Tudor was attained.



7 August, Henry Tudor landed in Wales with an invasion army.  On 22 August the battle of Bosworth was joined and King Richard was killed.  Henry Tudor victorious and proclaimed King Henry VII.

In October first insurrections against King Henry led by Robin of Riddesdale, Jack St Thomalyn and Master Mendall.



Insurrection in the spring led by Francis Lovell who tried to capture King Henry at York.



  The earl of Lincoln, nephew and presumed heir of Richard III, supported an uprising by Lambert Simnel, who called himself Edward, Earl of Warwick (son of George, Duke of Clarence).  Lincoln landed in Ireland with any army on 5 May, and Simnel was crowned in the cathedral at Dublin as Edward VI on 14 May.

Simnel and his forces landed in Lancashire on 4 June, and marched to Stoke, near Newark. Henry advanced against them and defeated them on 16 June in the last battle of the Wars of the Roses.  The earl of Lincoln and most of the leaders were killed and Simnel was taken prisoner.

Elizabeth of York is crowned Queen on 25 November.



Rebellion in Yorkshire and the earl of Northumberland was murdered on 28 April.



In November the pretender Perkin Warbeck arrives in Dublin.



Warbeck visits France and Burgundy.



Warbeck visits Maximilian in Vienna.



On 16 February Sir William Stanley is executed in connection with the activities of Perkin Warbeck. 23 July – 3 August Warbeck’s expedition to Kent. He then sails to Ireland and in November arrives in Scotland.



James IV and Warbeck invade England.



In May the Cornishmen rebel against Henry VII and are defeated at Blackheath on 17June. In July Warbeck leaves Scotland with his wife and family and lands in Cornwall on 7 September. On 5 October Warbeck surrenders to Henry VII.



Warbeck attempts to escape from London and is arrested at Sheen on 9 June



On 29 November Warbeck is executed.


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