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D

DCE           

Diem clausit extremum  (he has closed his last day ie dead) - a writ issued by chancery to the county escheator to hold a 'inquisition post mortem' to determine the person's heir or what if anything was due to the crown

DEMESNE   

The manor house & ajoining lands which the lord of the manor kept for his own purposes

DISTRAIN 

To enforce the performance of a duty

DONJON         

The keep of a castle in which the lord had his private  rooms

DOSSER

An ornamental cloth on a chair

DOWER      

Financial settlement provided by a husband or his family at the time of marriage as support for his wife should she become a widow.

 

E

ELL  

A measure of cloth - roughly one & a quarter yards ( 110cms)

ENCEINTE

An area enclosed by castle or other walls. Later used as an euphemism for being pregnant.

ESCHEAT    

In common law - the transfer of  the property of a person ( usually a tenant-in-chief) who dies without heirs, to the crown

ESCHEATOR      

The officer appointed by the crown to manage escheats - usually one escheator per county.

ESSOIN          

An excuse of exemption from attending court

ESSOIN ROLLS     

Record of excuses offered for failure to attend court when summoned

EWERER   

A servant who assists in the washing of hands before & after a meal - using an ewer  

F  

FEMME SOLE 

A women who had sole control of her property and was responsible for her own actions as opposed to  Couvert de Baron, a women whose husband has control of her property and herself

FIEF      

An estate which is held by homage & service to a lord, could vary from a plot of land to a country  

FLETCHER     

A maker of  an arrow shaft including the application of the feathers

FLUMMERY or FRUMENTY

A dish made from wheat boiled with wateer or milk and seasoned

FREEHOLD    

An estate held without any feudal obligation as opposed to Copyhold where land is held at the will of the lord

FRIPPER

A dealer in frippery one who deals with old clothes

FULLER

One who prepares wool by combing it to thicken it