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1857 - 1866

 

 

 

DATE

 

 

UNITED KINGDOM

 

 

REST OF THE WORLD

 

 

DUDLEY

AGE

OF

ST JOHN’S

CHURCH

 

 

ST JOHN’S CHURCH

1857

·          Estimated 8,600 prostitutes working in London alone

·          First divorce legislation

·          Financial and economic crisis throughout Europe

·          Indian mutiny against British rule

 

17 years old

 

1858

·          Sewage systems, London, also water pipes

·          The Wedding March by Mendelssohn is played at Queen Victoria’s daughters wedding leading to it becoming popular wedding music

·          Government of India passes to British Crown from East India company

·          Tsar Alexander II begins emancipation of the serfs, Russia

 

18 years old

 

1859

·          Big Ben bell first activated

·          Solar flares first noticed on sun, Richard Carrington

Charles Darwin, Origin of Species

·          Charles Blondel crosses Niagara Falls on a tightrope

·          Slave rebellion, Virginia

·          First oil well, Pennsylvania

 

19 years old

 

1860

·          First nursing school, based on ideas of Florence Nightingale

·          World’s first iron hulled, armoured battleship, HMS Warrior

·          Richard Gatling invents Gatling gun, firing hundreds of rounds a minute, USA

·          Start of American Civil War

 

20 years old

 

1861

·          Queen Victoria’s consort Prince Albert dies of typhoid

·          Charles Dickens, Great Expectations

·          First horse drawn trams, London

·          Italy, except for Rome and Venice united as one country

·          First postcards, USA

·          Moldavia and Wallachia unite to become Romania

 

21 years old

 

1862

·          Westminster Bridge opened to the public

·          Hartley Colliery disaster, 204 miners die

·          First US Navy hospital ships

·          First ski jumping competition

 

22 years old

 

1863

·          First stretch of London Underground Farringdon to Edgware Road

·          Football Association formed

·          Scarlet fever epidemic, over 30,000 die

·          Linoleum patented

 

·          Lincoln proclaims abolition of slavery in United States

·          James Plimpton, patents first roller skates, USA

·          President Lincoln promises government ‘of the people, by the people, for the people’

 

23 years old

·          Churchyard enlarged

1864

·          Contagious Diseases Act allows constabulary to force any woman suspected of venereal disease to inspection

·          James Clerk Maxwell discovers microwaves

·          Newly built Dale Dike dam, Sheffield, fails, hundreds killed

·          Geneva Convention establishes the International Red Cross

·          Jules Verne, Voyage au Centre de la Terre (Journey to the Centre of the Earth)

·          Leo Tolstoy, ‘War and Peace’

 

24 years old

 

1865

·          William Booth starts a mission in London that will become the Salvation Army

·          Lewis Carroll, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland

·          Dr Edward Pritchard hanged in Glasgow for poisoning his mother-in-law and wife, last public hanging in Scotland

·          End of American Civil War, 618,000 lives lost

·          Abraham Lincoln assassinated

·          13th Amendment to US Constitution abolishes slavery

·          US Secret Service founded

 

 

25 years old

 

1866

·          Steamship London sinks in storm off Lands End, kills 220

·          Cholera in London, 5000 die

·          Colman’s mustard receives royal warrant

·          Beatrix Potter and H.G. Wells, born

·          Cholera epidemic claims many lives- 120,000 in Prussia, 110,000 in Austria, 50,000 in America

·          Leo Tolstoy, War and Peace first installment

·          Butch Cassidy, outlaw, born

 

26 years old

 




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