Towards one o'clock on the 16th april 1746, the Jacobite artillary opened fire on government soldiers. The government responded with their own cannon, and the battle of Culloden began.
Bombarded by cannon shot and mortar bombs, the Jacobite clans held back, waiting for the order to attack. At last they moved forwards, through hail, smoke, murderous gunfire and grapeshot. Around eighty paces from their enemy they started to fire their muskets and charged. Some fought ferociously, others never reached their goal. The government troops had finally worked out bayonet tactics to challenge the dreaded Highland charge and broadsword. The Jacobites lost momentum, wavered and fled.
Hardly an hour had passed between the first shot and the final flight of the Prince's army.