David Alston's Slaves & Highlanders
Sharing my research on Highland Scots and the slave plantations of Guyana
Great new fortunes might not have been possible in Jamaica or Barbados in the first decades of the nineteenth century, but they were certainly being made in Berbice and Demerara–Essequibo . . . British Guiana was . . . the nineteenth-century sugar frontier . . . New people were making new money on new land.
Trevor Burnard, Planters, Merchants, and Slaves: Plantation Societies in British America, 1650-1820 (University of Chicago Press, 2015)
Details and links to recent peer-reviewed chapters and articles.
Recently added resources on this site
Reports of the Titles to Land Commissioners
A small group of commissioners were appointed in British Guiana in the late nineteenth century to settle disputed claims to land and to clarify titles. Although not a comprehensive survey of land ownership, their reports are a vaulable insight into the complex history of land ownership, especially after emancipation. The report on Berbice (1893) is particularly detailed and runs to 900 pages. Those on Demerara and Essequibo are less so.
A complete set of the reports (possibly the only surviving complete set) was part of the library of the Colonial Office and is now held in the Foyles Special Collections at King's College, London. My thanks to the staff for helping me access these reports.
Sample page: claims to Belladrum, Berbice
Below is a link to a summary of the contents of the Berbice volume:
Check the Library for other resources
First Scots in Guyana: For a summary of the first Scots to become involved with plantations in Guyana see the notes which can be downloaded here.
Scots in Surinam: I am beginning to add information on Scots in the neighbouring Dutch colony of Surinam, many of whom moved there from Berbice. Slavery was not abolished in Surinam until 1863 and so these were some of Britain's last slave owners. See Scots in Surinam on this site.
Philip Dikland of KDV Architects, Paramaribo, Suriname has created a database of information on the history of 400 plantations in Surinam. This extraordinarily rich Heritage Database can be accessed through KDV's web site.
Right: Statue of Tata Colin, messianic leader of a slave rising on the Scottish-owned plantation Leasowes (Coronie, Surinam) in 1835.
Finding you way around the site? - this may help:
Index of 550 people with connections to the Highlands and plantations in Guyana.
Or try using the FIND box at the top of the right-hand column on this page which will search within this site.
Joshua Bryant's idealised Rainbow over a Plantation (top) contrasts with the same artist's illustration of slaves executed after the Demerara slave uprising of 1823.